At the heart of the programme’s philosophy is a commitment to structured, purposeful inquiry as the leading vehicle for learning.
Six transdisciplinary themes
Six transdisciplinary themes of global significance provide the framework for exploration and study:
- who we are
- where we are in place and time
- how we express ourselves
- how the world works
- how we organize ourselves
- sharing the planet.
Teachers are guided by these six transdisciplinary themes as they design units of inquiry that both transcend and articulate conventional subject boundaries.
The programme can be illustrated by a hexagon with the six transdisciplinary themes surrounding six subject areas:
- social studies
- science and technology
- personal, social and physical education.
The themes and subject areas outlined above form the knowledge element of the programme. Five essential elements—concepts, knowledge, skills, attitudes, action—appear at the centre of the hexagon.
Five essential elements
The five essential elements listed above are incorporated into this framework, so that students are given the opportunity to:
- gain knowledge that is relevant and of global significance
- develop an understanding of concepts, which allows them to make connections throughout their learning
- acquire transdisciplinary and disciplinary skills
- develop attitudes that will lead to international-mindedness
- take action as a consequence of their learning.
The curriculum is expressed in three interrelated ways:
- the written curriculum—what do we want to learn?
- the taught curriculum—how best will we learn?
- the learned curriculum—how will we know what we have learned?
Under certain conditions, schools may deliver the programme in any language, although the IB0 provides services in: